National frequency plan
Norwegian Communications Authority (Nkom) prepares and publishes the national frequency plan. The objective of the plan is that information shall be available to operators, industry, equipment manufacturers and others that require knowledge about the current and planned use of the frequency spectrum.
The plan is overarching and therefore does not provide a complete picture of the frequency situation within each band. For more detailed information Nkom makes reference to the strategy documents and other information that have been provided for the various technical areas.
Free use of some radio and telecommunications terminal equipment is also permitted within certain frequency bands.
Frequencies are a limited resource. Effective utilisation of the frequency spectre is therefore important. To achieve this, attempts are made on a global basis to agree on where the radio services shall be located on the frequency spectrum.
Nkom is involved in international harmonisation work within the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT). As part of the international radio regulations ITU has prepared a frequency allocation table. The radio regulations are revised every third to fourth year during the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC). Correspondingly, CEPT works with long-term strategic planning of the use of the frequency spectrum.
The countries in CEPT have implemented a joint European information portal that contains an overview of the frequency use in Europe, known as EFIS (ECO Frequency Information System). EFIS is a tool that is used to comply with the European Commission Regulation 2007/344/EC based on harmonised availability of information regarding spectrum use in Europe. Our national frequency plan is largely based on ITU and CEPT's allocation tables.
What does the plan show?
The plan applies to the frequency area from 9 kHz to 400 GHz. The choice can be made to apply for separately-defined frequencies or a selected user area. English terminology has been chosen because the terms for radio services are not well established in Norwegian and because the plans must be able to be distributed internationally. Therefore a link to EFIS has been inserted making it possible to easily navigate to an English version of the frequency plan.
The notation that is used refers to radio services with primary status in accordance with the radio regulations with CAPITAL LETTERS. Secondary services are stated with the normal style of writing, i.e. capital initial letter and otherwise lower-case letters.
The columns in the table
The columns in the table list:
- the frequency band (Frequency band)
- the type of radio service the frequency band has been allocated to (Allocation)
- national use (Use)
- an overview of the issued spectrum licences on the frequency band (Licences)
The plan also contains links to the footnotes in the radio regulations that apply for Norway (for example 5.208) and also refer to the CEPT's provisions and recommendations (for example ERC/DEC/(96)01 and T/R 02-02 ).
General information about the content of the plan
Nkom would note that the actual use/specific assignments are not always in accordance with planned allocations. The specifying of radio services is only for information and does not give the service automatic preference on the band.
On certain frequency bands which have not yet been used, a number of primary services have been specified without a final conclusion having been made for how the bands shall be used. The use of the frequency spectrum is continually changing.
New technology makes it possible to use continually higher frequency bands while at the same time the transition from analogue to digital technology makes it necessary to find a spectrum for new services. The frequency plan therefore reflects, first and foremost, the current frequency allocations and plans for the next few years. The plan is constantly being changed and not all parts are complete. The frequency plan will be updated in accordance with future requirements and international obligations, ref. 2007/344/EC.