The import and sale of electronic communications equipment
It is not coincidental that we can make a call on our mobile phone, send radio signals or open the garage door by remote control. Electronic communications systems and related regulations are a complex interplay between manufacturers, users and the authorities. Radio and telecommunications equipment provides us with many possibilities than we could have only dreamt about a few years ago.
Unfortunately the same equipment can also disturb others by, for example, sending out noise, blocking important communication and causing fires. This occurs every day! Therefore, requirements have been set for how such equipment shall function and how it can be used. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer, importer and seller that the requirements are satisfied. It is the responsibility of the user that the equipment is used correctly.
Nkom contributes in many situations to monitor and influence in such a way that we have good solutions and rules for our society. We also monitor compliance with the regulations in Norway. This is done by random controls of equipment, inspections and other work in the market.
A CE mark on an equipment is a declaration that the equipment complies with the requirements in relevant EU directives.
A CE marked equipment can freely be circulated and placed on the market within the EU/EEA countries. The different directives set different requirements for how these requirements can be complied with and documented.
Suppliers that manufacture or import electronic communications equipment into Norway for resale to others must be registered as importers with Nkom. Registered importers can also import equipment without CE marking, however the equipment requirements must be satisfied before it can be used or resold.
Electronic communications equipment that is sold or handed over to others in Norway must satisfy the requirements for CE marking. If radio equipment is sold that requires a special frequency licence, the seller must be registered with NPT as a radio dealership or an importer. The seller is obliged to have good knowledge about the products sold so that relevant information about the use of the equipment can be provided to the customers.
For some types of equipment a sale must be reported to the Authority no later than 4 weeks before the equipment is placed on the market.
An overview of theprinciples that apply for the sale of goods within the EU/EEA can be found in: Obligations associated with the placing on the market of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment. See also the Guide to the Implementation of Directives Based on New Approach and Global Approach.
In principle, all transmition of radio signals requires a licence from Nkom.
However for some equipment free use is permitted through Norwegian regulations referred to as the Free Use Regulations (Regulations of providing general authorisations for the use of radio frequencies).
There is a great deal of equipment falling under the Free Use Regulations sold in Norway.A separate licence is not required to use this kind of equipment. Examples of free-use equipment are garage door openers, car keys, electronic product security, cordless microphones, wireless networks etc. A licence is also not required to use mobile telephones.
Equipment groups and rules
The set of rules that regulates the production and sale of electronic communications equipment is principally a joint EU/EEA set of rules that has been inserted in the Electronic Communications Act and important regulations in order to be valid in Norway.
The rules are slightly different for the various equipment groups:
Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment
Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment includes equipment with built-in radio transmitters and/or receivers and equipment that is intended for connection to an electronic communications network. The requirements are stipulated in Regulations relating to EEA requirements for radio and telecommunications terminal equipment . However, for some equipment groups the different rules referred to below applies.
Maritime radio communications equipment for use on ships that sail in accordance with the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
Such equipment must be market with the wheel mark in accordance with the requirements stipulated in Regulations relating to EEA approval of maritime radio equipment.
Aeromobile radio equipment
There are separate requirements for radio equipment used in aircraft. These are stipulated in the Regulations relating to licences for radio equipment on Norwegian registered aircraft.
Analogue broadcasting equipment
Analogue broadcast receivers (TV and radio) are not covered by the Electronic Communications Act.
Equipment that can be used in electronic communications networks or installations must comply with the requirements in Regulations relating to Safety on Electronic Communications Networks and Regulations relating to Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) for Electronic Communication.
The directives contain general requirements for equipment and installations, so-called essential requirements. In accordance with a mandate from the European Commission, the European standards organisations therefore prepare so-called harmonised standards. Equipment constructed in accordance with a harmonised standard valid for the equipment in question is presumed to comply with the essential requirements of the relevant directive.
Applicable standards are published in the Official Journal of the European Union and on the Commission's websites for the various directives.
Nkom is responsible for the administration and follow up of the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive, and its areas of responsibility under the EMC Directive and Low Voltage Directive.