Procedures for assessing compliance and labelling of radio and telecommunications terminal equipment
This is in accordance with the so-called R&TTE Directive ("Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity") that entered into force on 7 April 2000. Regulation No. 628 of 20 June 2000 relating to EEA requirements for radio and telecommunications terminal equipment implement the R&TTE Directive into Norwegian legislation and contain rules for majority of different types of radio equipment in Norway.
Equipment that was approved under the regulations that existed until 7 April 2000 can no longer be sold.
Regulations No. 628 of 20 June 2000 relating to EEA requirements for radio and telecommunications terminal equipment.
The Regulations apply to the majority of equipment that come under the definitions of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment.
The exceptions are:
- radio and telecommunications terminal equipment for air traffic, covered by Regulations no. 189 of 21 February 2008 which implements Council Regulation (EEC) no. 3922/91 on the harmonisation of technical requirements and administrative procedures in the field of civil aviation, with additional provisions relating to working hours for crew members,
- mandatory radio equipment on ships, falling under the scope of SOLAS Convention, which is covered by Regulations no. 709 of 15 June1999 relating to EEA Approval of maritime radio equipment,
- not commercially available amateur radio equipment and radio and telecommunications terminal equipment solely used for ensuring the State security, used solely by the Armed Forces or for State activities in the area of criminal law. Such equipment will be handled by individual approvals by Nkom.
The following essential requirements apply for all equipment that is covered by the Regulations
- health and safety of the user and any other person,
- electromagnetic compatibility,
- radio equipment is constructed in such a way that it effectively utilises the assigned frequency spectrum and it does not lead to any harmful interference.
It is no longer an essential requirement that the terminal equipment is compatible with the telecommunications network or with other terminal equipment via the telecommunications network. The European Commission can decide that such requirements are to be reintroduced for some special types of equipment if it considers there is a need for it.
Methods that can be chosen
The Regulations describe methods that the manufacturer can use to document that the equipment is in accordance with the essential requirements. Depending on the type of equipment and whether compliance with harmonised standards has been documented, the manufacturer has the freedom to choose between these methods:
For telecommunications terminal equipment and the receiver part of the radio equipment:
- The manufacturer can choose between using the methods described in section 8 Internal Production Control (Annex II to the Directive), section10 Internal Production Control with Special Equipment Tests and Technical Documentation (Annex IV to the Directive) or sections11-13 Full Quality Assurance (Annex V to the Directive).
For the transmitter part of the radio equipment (with use of harmonised standards):
- If the manufacturer has documented that the equipment complies with requirements set out in (one or more) harmonised standards, that are published in the Official Journal, the manufacturer can choose between using the methods described in section 9 Internal production Control plus specific apparatus tests (Annex III to the Directive), section 10 or sections 11-13.
For the transmitter part of the radio equipment (without the use of harmonised standards):
- If the manufacturer has not used harmonised standards, or has only used parts of these to document compliance with the essential requirements, the manufacturer can choose between using the methods described in section 10 or in sections 11-13.
The entire text can be found in "Regulations relating to radio and telecommunications terminal equipment". See also the flowchart below.
Information to the user
The manufacturer or the party that places the equipment on the market has a duty to ensure that information is provided to the user of the equipment.
Users of telecommunications terminal equipment must have information about the interface the equipment is intended to be connected to. Users of radio equipment must be informed about the geographical area in which the equipment is intended to be used.
The information to the user must also contain a copy of the Declaration of Conformity.
Information to the authorities
Radio equipment that transmits on a frequency bands whose use is not harmonised in the EEA, have to be notified to the relevant authority by party that places the equipment onto the market. This equipment can earliest be placed on the market four weeks upon the notification. In Norway such notice must be sent to the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority, to the section for regulations and surveillance. Such notice can either be given in an electronic form at the European Commission's website on the one-stop notification procedure (OSN), or directly to the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority in a separate notification form.
The manufacturer, the manufacturer's responsible representative in the EEA or the party that places the equipment onto the market is responsible for the correct marking of the product.
The equipment, user instructions and packaging must all be marked.
The equipment must be marked with the CE mark, type, batch and/or serial number and name of the manufacturer or the manufacturer's representative established in the EEA.
In some cases it could also be relevant to have an identification number of a notified body and/or the equipment class identifier (alert sign).